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How Many Countries Are in North America?

Key takeaway:

  • North America has three sovereign states: Canada, United States, and Mexico.
  • In addition to the three sovereign states, North America includes several non-sovereign territories.
  • The cultural and ethnic mix of North America includes interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, and immigrants from other parts of the world.


When we think of North America, a clear image of its countries come to mind. But how many countries are actually a part of it? To answer that, we first need to define what North America is and what its geographical borders are. In this section, we’ll explore these factors and gain a better understanding of the countries that make up this continent.

Defining North America as a continent and its geographical borders

North America is a huge continent located in the Northern Hemisphere. It’s got an area of around 9,540,000 square miles. To the north & east are the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, while the Pacific Ocean is on the west. South America & the Caribbean are southeast. Its geographical borders are mainly set by political boundaries. These can be split into three sections: Northern America, Central America & The Caribbean.

Northern America is made up of 3 sovereign states: Canada, Mexico, & the United States. The Caribbean has lots of island nations. Central America links North & South America, it’s a land bridge between the two.

As well as sovereign states, North America has non-sovereign territories, like Bermuda, Greenland, & Puerto Rico. It has around 578 million people, 16% of the world’s population, as per a recent World Bank report. Overseas visitors may have different visa requirements depending on nationality.

North America has a unique culture. European colonists mixed with indigenous people, creating a Afro-European fusion. Musical styles were blended across class boundaries. This has made North America something new, based on a mix of social, racial & cultural elements. To understand North America, its cultures, societies & history, you need to know its geographical borders.

North America’s regions

North America is an incredibly diverse continent, boasting many different regions that are home to a variety of cultures and peoples. In this section, we will delve into three distinct North American regions – Northern America, The Caribbean, and Central America. Each of these sub-sections offers a unique perspective on the continent, with its own unique features and attractions. With so much to explore and discover, there’s no shortage of fascinating destinations to visit in this part of the world.

Northern America

North America is a continent of three regions: Northern America, Caribbean, and Central America. Northern America has the most people, with 366 million. It has temperate climate and lush biodiversity. Notable geographical landmarks are the Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, and Appalachian Mountains.

Northern America’s population consists of mainly native inhabitants, with European colonists and African slaves who migrated in. Business operations within the region are made easy with trade agreements like NAFTA.

There’s plenty to explore in Northern America! National parks like Yellowstone and Niagara Falls are great attractions for tourists. Plus, its culture, history, and landscapes make it an extraordinary destination.

The Caribbean

The Caribbean is a trove of natural wonders and cultural abundance! Its waters sparkle with aquatic life, and its shores are lined with swaying palm trees. Reggae dance culture, a Caribbean tradition, flourishes – inviting guests to let loose and enjoy life! The beaches are opulent and breathtaking, offering unique vistas.

But what really sets the Caribbean apart is its people. Locals are friendly, welcoming, and proud of their heritage. The history of the Caribbean is complex; it was once under the rule of Spain, Great Britain, France, and Denmark. Each left their mark, and while the Caribbean has since achieved sovereignty, the legacy of the Transatlantic slave trade is still felt.

Despite the past, the Caribbean is a place of resilience and beauty. Visitors can experience island living at its finest, immersed in a culture that is both welcoming and unique.

Central America

Central America is full of wonders. It boasts tropical forests, coral reefs, and active volcanoes. Plus, it’s renowned for its Mayan archaeology and colonial past. This region has two distinct seasons – rainy and dry. The economy mostly relies on agriculture, with coffee being one of the main exports.

Still, Central America faces various issues. Such as regional conflicts, territorial disputes, and immigration challenges. These dilemmas could harm the region’s prosperity and progress. Yet, Central America makes progress in important areas, such as education and social development.

Take Costa Rica, for example. It abolished its military forces in 1949 to invest in education and healthcare. Now, it’s a solid democracy that cares for the environment.

Central America isn’t only composed of three countries. There are also non-sovereign territories! It’s a party down here!

Number of countries and territories in North America

There are several countries and territories that are located in North America, but have you ever wondered exactly how many there are? In this section, we will explore:

  1. The number of sovereign states in North America, including Canada, the United States, and Mexico.
  2. The non-sovereign territories that are under the jurisdiction of these countries.

Get ready to learn some interesting facts about the political geography of North America!

Sovereign states: Canada, United States, Mexico

The North American continent is made up of three countries: Canada, the U.S.A., and Mexico. To show information about them, a table can be created. It’ll have columns for their names, capital cities, and population estimates.

Reference Data 4.2 states that:

Country Capital City Population Estimate (millions)
Canada N/A 37
USA N/A 330
Mexico Mexico City 132

Mexico has connections to Central American countries, such as Belize and Guatemala. It’s located between Latin America and North America. It has the Caribbean Sea to its east and south.

These three sovereign states have pretty unique qualities that make them stand out. They’re all inextricably linked.

Non-Sovereign territories

North America contains many non-sovereign territories. Of these, Greenland is a special case as it has its own parliament and government. But, Denmark still has control over foreign policy and defense. Puerto Rico has its own constitution, government and economy. However, the United States controls its foreign policy decisions.

Despite being politically and economically integrated into other countries, these territories have their own distinct culture. North America is home to a diverse population, but its geography remains unchanged. It is surrounded by the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, Caribbean and South America, and the Pacific Ocean.

North America’s population and geography

With 23 countries and a population estimate of 578 million people, North America is a diverse and vast continent. In this section, we will explore the fascinating geographical features of North America, including the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, South America and the Caribbean, and the Pacific Ocean. Also, we will delve into North America’s population and geography, uncovering exciting facts and figures that highlight the continent’s diversity and complexity.

Geographical features: Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, South America and the Caribbean, and the Pacific Ocean

North America boasts an array of geographical features. It’s bordered by the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans to its north and east, respectively. To the south lies South America and the Caribbean Sea, while the west faces the Pacific Ocean.

A table can be used to provide a detailed breakdown of these features. It will illustrate columns for Ocean/Sea, Location, and Landmarks. For example, it will include the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and South American region. Plus, notable landmarks like Niagara Falls and The Grand Canyon.

In addition, North America features vast prairies in Canada and the US Midwest. Its culture is also diverse, from European colonists to African slaves, indigenous peoples, and immigrants from around the world. North America is a land of diversity and rich geographical features!

Population estimate: 578 million people

North America is a vast continent with an estimated population of 578 million people. It includes the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, South America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Ocean. Canada, the United States, Mexico, and other non-Sovereign territories make North America a complex and diverse region.

The continent’s unique culture and ethnicity come from its history of interaction between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, and immigrants. It is divided into three main regions – Northern America, Central America, and the Caribbean – each with its own distinct cultures and traditions.

To visit North American countries, you need more than a passport. There is a lot of paperwork due to strict immigration policies, however the effort is worth it. North America is a land of diverse opportunities waiting to be discovered.

Visa requirements for visiting North American countries

North America is home to 23 countries. US citizens don’t need a visa to travel to Canada or Mexico, but individuals from other countries must check the visa requirements. There are also restrictions on food, plants, and animals that can be brought in.

These policies can change at any time, so it is important to check with the relevant authorities before traveling.

The history of North American visa policies has been complex. In the past, the US had restrictive policies like the Chinese Exclusion Act and the Immigration Act of 1924. Now, people from all over the world can visit and live in North America.

North America’s cultural and ethnic mix

North America has a rich cultural and ethnic mix that has evolved over centuries. In this section, we’ll explore the fascinating interactions that have occurred among European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, and immigrants from other parts of the world, shedding new light on North America’s complex history and diverse identity.

Interaction between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, and immigrants from other parts of the world

The history of North America is a complex blend of cultures, ethnicities, and races. Europeans brought their own cultural practices, but not peacefully. Indigenous peoples had already been living there for centuries. This initial contact was often violent; land disputes and forced relocation were the norm. African slaves were also forced in to work alongside the Europeans. This inhumane practice caused untold suffering.

In modern times, immigrants from other parts of the world have added to North America’s cultural diversity. Exchange of culture has taken place; food, music, religion, and language have been shared. Despite difficulties, multicultural integration has helped North America develop a unique identity. Ancestral societies coexist alongside those more recently formed through migration, creating a multifaceted cultural landscape.


North America has 23 countries. These countries are split into three subregions: Central America, the Caribbean, and North America. The USA and Canada are part of North America. Central America and the Caribbean consist of other countries and dependencies.

To understand the area, we must recognize the uniqueness of each subregion. It is important to research each country’s politics, social issues, and economy to avoid risks. Comprehending the number of countries and subregions is key, but understanding the diversity of each country is also essential for understanding the continent’s complex political and economic interrelationships. All in all, North America has 23 countries, no matter which region they are in.

Some Facts About How Many Countries Are in North America:

  • ✅ North America is the third largest continent, covering 24.7 million km² and 4.8% of Earth’s surface. (Source:
  • ✅ There are 23 countries in North America and more than two dozen non-sovereign territories, with English as the primary language followed by Spanish and French. (Source:
  • ✅ The United States is the largest country in North America by population and the second-largest by total area, while Canada is the largest by total area and the third-largest by population. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ North America was reached by its first human populations during the Last Glacial Period, approximately 20,000 to 17,000 years ago. (Source: Wikipedia)
  • ✅ North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of Earth’s land area and about 4.8% of its total surface area. (Source: Wikipedia)

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