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What Countries Are in South America?

Key Takeaway:

  • South America has 12 countries that vary in population size and geography, but all are part of Latin America and have contributed to the continent’s rich history.
  • Brazil is the most populous country in South America with over 200 million people, followed by Colombia and Argentina, which have populations of over 40 million each.
  • The continent is home to several major cities and tourist attractions, including Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Machu Picchu, and the Amazon rainforest, making it an important destination for travelers.

Introduction to South America

South America, the fourth largest continent, is home to many diverse countries, cultures, and landscapes. In this section, we will provide an introduction to South America and an overview of its geography. From the bustling cities of Brazil and Argentina to the towering peaks of the Andes and the lush rainforests of the Amazon, there is much to explore and discover on this incredible continent.

Overview of the geography of South America

South America: a continent of extraordinary geographical features and stunning landscapes. It lies in the Southern Hemisphere, encircled by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Covering a total area of 17.8 million square kilometers, it’s the fourth-largest continent.

Its varied terrain includes mountains, rivers, forests, and deserts. These features are found in various regions, including the Andes Mountains, Amazon Basin, Brazilian Highlands, Patagonia, and Pampas grasslands.

The Andes span 7 countries: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The Amazon Basin is the world’s largest rainforest system, occupying the continent’s northern part (7 million square kilometers). The Brazilian Highlands is a huge plateau, ranging from 300 to 1,200 meters above sea level. Patagonia is distinguished by its many glaciers and ice fields.

South America’s geography has shaped its history and economy. Bolivia’s silver deposits, Brazil’s gold mines, and fertile agricultural land are all sources of wealth.

South America is a wonderful place to visit. Its cultural heritage and natural beauty draw many tourists. Why explore one country in Europe when you can see twelve in South America?

12 countries in South America

South America consists of 12 diverse countries, each with its own unique culture and history. In this section, we’ll explore the population estimates of these countries, including the most populous country—Brazil—and the other densely populated nations of the region.

Population estimates of countries in South America

South America is home to 12 countries, each with its own population. Brazil is the largest. The other nations have different populations, important for understanding economics and politics. To show the population of each country, a table can be made with Country Name, Population (2021), Land Area (km²), and Density (People per km²). This info helps readers see the various population sizes in South America.

Additionally, there are territories that impact population estimates. For example, French Guiana is an external region of France in South America, and has a different demographic than Brazil or Suriname. It’s key to study these variations to gain deeper insights into population growth and development in South America.

Brazil is the biggest population-wise in South America. However, looking at the population size and distribution of all countries gives a better picture.

Brazil as the most populous country in South America

South America is a continent of 12 countries. Brazil stands out as the most populous one, with an estimate of 208 million people. This accounts for more than half of South America’s population.

Brazil’s population growth has been fast. It is the 5th biggest country in the world, population-wise! It is a desirable destination due to its long beaches, multiple national parks, and large river basins and waterfalls. There is also a strong manufacturing and agricultural industry, and well-developed infrastructure.

If you are planning to visit Brazil, you need to know Portuguese, its official language. Brazil is a multi-cultural country, so be respectful of locals and their customs.

Remember, Brazil is not the only country in South America with a big population.

Other populous countries in South America

South America is home to a variety of countries that are highly populated. Brazil is the most well-known. Colombia comes in second with an estimated 50 million people. Argentina is famous for its tango music and beef consumption. It has 44 million inhabitants. Peru’s population is over 33 million. Plus, it has Incan ruins and diverse geography. Venezuela has 28 million people. It is one of the top four populous countries. All of these nations contribute to the region’s political landscape and economy. They also bring unique aspects to the culture. Brazil may be the most populated, but Colombia and Argentina should not be forgotten. They bring diversity to the region’s cuisine, art, music, and literature. Visitors from around the world are welcome to experience South America’s warm hospitality and culture. Plus, don’t forget the dependent and internal territories.

Dependent and internal territories in South America

South America is a region with a variety of nations, both independent and dependent on others. When discussing the dependent and internal territories, we refer to parts of a nation or state that are not independent nations themselves. These places are governed in a fashion similar to independent nations. They are a significant part of their respective countries or states.

To understand these territories better, here is a table with necessary info:

Territory Name Controlling Nation
French Guiana France
The Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Orkney, and South Shetland Islands UK
The Galápagos Islands Ecuador

The Galápagos Islands, situated in the Pacific Ocean, are part of Ecuador. Their unique ecosystem makes them an essential part of South America.

Overall, the dependent and internal territories in South America are vital to the socio-economic and political landscape of the region. Their relationship with their controlling nations and the region make them interesting facets of South America’s past and present.

South America as part of Latin America

South America is an integral part of Latin America. Its distinct culture, geography and history make it stand out. Countries like Brazil, Colombia, and Argentina offer a variety of languages, economies, and landscapes.

In addition, South America has a shared cultural and linguistic heritage with the rest of Latin America. This goes back to Spanish and Portuguese colonialism. Music, dance, language, and cuisine reflect its impact.

The Amazon – the world’s largest river by volume – and The Andes – the longest continental mountain range – are found in South America. This rich biodiversity boasts unique ecosystems and wildlife, such as the Andean condor and jaguar.

The countries of South America include: Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Venezuela, and Ecuador. To sum it up, South America is a key part of Latin America, both culturally and naturally.

History of South America

The history of South America is like a tapestry. It’s been shaped by thousands of years of indigenous groups, plus the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century. Colonization, conflict and exploitation have all been part of this history.

Despite these, South America has grown. Its countries have fought for independence from colonial powers – leading to revolutions that changed its politics, economy, culture and society.

In recent times, leftist governments emerged in the 21st century. They wanted to challenge the legacy of neoliberalism and promote social justice and equality. Despite facing economic crises and political instability, their impact has been huge.

Today, South America is still a region of contrasts. Its cultural diversity and socioeconomic challenges continue to shape its history and future. South America’s story is one of resilience and determination – and the spirit of its people.

Physical map of South America

South America is a continent in the western hemisphere. It has 12 independent countries and three territories. People recognize it for its varied geography. This includes the Andes Mountains and Amazon Rainforest.

To better understand South America, one can use a physical map. This will show the different landforms, such as the Brazilian Highlands, Andes Mountains and Amazon Basin.

The continent also has a rich cultural history. It has many indigenous cultures and blends European, African and Asian influences. South America has many natural resources, such as mineral deposits, oil reserves and farmland. Looking at a physical map of South America will help appreciate the continent’s culture and nature.

Major cities in South America

South America is a continent known for its diverse culture and breathtaking natural sites. In this section, we will explore major cities that contribute to South America’s vibrant culture and economy. Additionally, we will touch on some of the tourist attractions this continent has to offer, making it a popular destination for travelers from all over the world. If you want to know about the countries in South America, read on!

Tourist attractions in South America

South America – a must-visit destination for all kinds of travelers! From natural wonders and breathtaking landscapes to vibrant cities, it’s full of unique experiences.

The Amazon Rainforest is one of the continent’s iconic attractions. Explore it by boat or on foot, and be amazed by the biodiversity and scenery.

Machu Picchu is another must-see. This ancient Incan city in the Andes Mountains has well-preserved ruins, beautiful views and historical significance.

Check out the Iguazu Falls, too. These majestic waterfalls straddle Brazil and Argentina, and offer stunning views from different points. Or take a boat ride underneath them!

Rio de Janeiro, the ‘Marvelous City’, is also worth visiting. Enjoy its stunning beaches, lively nightlife and cultural landmarks like the Christ the Redeemer Statue.

Experience the unique culture: go on food tours, watch dance performances and join festivals celebrating local traditions. Other places to visit include Cartagena (Colombia), Easter Island (Chile), Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia) and Torres del Paine National Park (Chile).

South America has something for everyone. Come explore its many tourist attractions!

Conclusion: Importance of South America in the world

South America is a continent housing 12 independent countries boasting unique cultures, histories and political systems. Its wealth of history, diverse landscapes and plentiful natural resources make it an important trading hub. Brazil and Argentina are the biggest economies in the region and it exports oil, agricultural products and minerals such as copper and gold. Tourists flock to the continent to experience its iconic attractions such as Machu Picchu and the beaches of Brazil.

The region faces poverty, political instability and environmental issues, yet it is still immensely rich and diverse. Its importance in the global arena should not go unnoticed. As the world becomes more interlinked, it is essential to acknowledge South America’s exclusive contributions. By appreciating its culture and history, and working to resolve its issues, the continent can continue to succeed and make great contributions to the global sphere. Don’t miss out on the chances and insights this continent has to offer.

Five Facts About Countries in South America:

  • ✅ South America includes twelve sovereign states, two dependent territories, and one internal territory. (Source: Wikipedia)
  • ✅ Brazil is the most populous South American country, followed by Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela, and Peru. (Source: Wikipedia)
  • ✅ South America and Central America are broadly described as Latin America. (Source: Infoplease)
  • ✅ The history of South America dates back over 12,000 years and includes several indigenous civilizations, as well as colonization by Spain and Portugal in the 16th century. (Source: Infoplease)
  • ✅ South America is the fourth largest continent in the world, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, with North America and the Caribbean Sea above. (Source: Infoplease)

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